In orthodontics, in order to move a tooth, other teeth in the same or the opposite jaw are used. Various devices are used to minimize any movement of these supports, such as the extraoral.
Despite this, these supports often show unwanted movement, sometimes having dramatic effects on orthodontic treatment. The alternative solution for maximizing support is orthodontic implants.
Orthodontic implants or micro-implants or temporary micro-implants (TADs:Temporary Anchorage Devices) are tiny screws a few millimeters long, made of a titanium alloy that prevents their osseointegration, which is undesirable in the given case.
Their placement aims to maximize support during orthodontic movement during an orthodontic treatment. Depending on the purpose they perform, their size varies in length, in their head, in their cross-section and even in the direction they screw.
They are placed in appropriate parts of the oral cavity, usually in the jaws, between the roots of the teeth, but also on the side of the lip or on the side of the palate. They are not visible, while the patient does not feel any discomfort, except for the head of the micro-implant that protrudes from the gums.
The procedure for placing them is simple, takes a total of just a few minutes and is performed under local anesthesia, without creating an extensive surgical wound or stitches.
Then, the doctor rests on the temporary implants the orthodontic forces to straighten the teeth using a bracket-hook (with an elastic spring or chain), so that the teeth move in the desired direction.
Unlike implants to replace teeth that stay in forever mini-implants are removed at the end of orthodontic treatment easily and painlessly, without (usually) local anesthesia, while healing is immediate.
The use of temporary implants has increased significantly in recent years in the field of orthodontics, being at the same time a modern technique for achieving perfectly controlled orthodontic movements.
In several cases it is no longer necessary to apply other methods such as?
- the placement of an extraoral orthodontic device
- orthognathic surgery
- the arrangement or removal of healthy teeth.
Finally, micro-implants are particularly popular in the treatments of adults in ‘lingual orthodontics’, while their application will increase rapidly in the future in a wider range of orthodontic practices contributing to the further development of the Orthodontic Specialty!